Development in States of War

Edited by: 
Eade, Deborah
Development in States of War cover scanHumanitarian relief has always been focused on meeting the needs of people affected by war and armed conflict. Today, the same is increasingly true of development programmes. The challenge for aid agencies is not only to apply development principles to their emergency work, but also to address the issues arising from the reality of military conflict and destruction. Working for change brings aid agencies face to face with violence: powerlessness on the one hand, and abuse of power on the other. This collection draws on the varied experience of practitioners and human rights activists in dealing with the social consequences of war, including the emotional damage done to victims and those who work with them. Alex de Waal focuses on famine as a tool for violating human rights, while Francisco Alvarez Solis and Pauline Martin writing about El Salvador show how civilian organisations mobilised for peace in the midst of war. Lucy Bonnerjea addresses the needs of children in situations where they become separated from their families, and Hans Buwalda describes work in the Philippines that helps children to come to terms with their suffering. Derek Summerfield offers policy and practice guidance to NGOs involved in conflict-related emergencies.

Download the full text of Development in States of War here (552.08 KB)

Deborah Eade

Introductory Essay
In the line of fire: development in conflict
Stephen Commins

Operationality in turbulence: the need for a change
Chris Roche

Breaking the cycle of violence: doing development in situations of conflict
Linda Agerbak

Famine and human rights
Alex de Waal

‘Dancing with the prince’: NGOs' survival strategies in the Afghan conflict
Jonathan Goodhand with Peter Chamberlain

The role of Salvadorean NGOs in post-war reconstruction
Francisco Alvarez Solis and Pauline Martin

Children of war in the Philippines
Hans Buwalda

Training indigenous workers in mental-health care
Jane Shackman and Jill Reynolds

The United Nations speaks out on forced evictions
Miloon Kothari

Assisting survivors of war and atrocity: notes on 'psycho-social' issues for NGO workers
Derek Summerfield

Supporting education in emergencies: a case study from southern Sudan
Alison Joyner

Family tracing: in whose interests?
Lucy Bonnerjea

Annotated Bibliography

© Oxfam (UK and Ireland) 1996.
ISBN 0 85598 344 2
All rights reserved.
Available from Stylus Publishing


‘This volume stands as an excellent way into the debates about conflict and development, as well as the dilemmas faced by NGOs working in situations of conflict.’
Journal of Development Studies

‘A fresh contribution to a much-needed debate within the NGO and aid community as well as among politicians and researchers.’
- Journal of Peace Research

‘Taken together these essays graphically illustrate the twin challenges to development work of applying established “best practice” in emergency programmes operating inside war zones and addressing basic issues of vulnerability and violence raised by the conduct of the war itself.’
- New Routes

‘This compilation is a timely, well-edited introduction to the myriad development topics which NGOs may address in conflict situations. … Theoretical discussion is appropriately combined with case studies from past interventions … ’
Refugee Studies Programme, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford