More effective natural resource management through democratically elected, decentralised government structures in Uganda

Scaling up agroforestry adoption requires technical innovations that are adapted to the environment, demand-driven, require low capital and labour inputs, and provide tangible benefits in a short time. The basic inputs, usually information and germplasm, need to be available. To reach out to millions of rural poor who require the products and services of agroforestry innovations, the scaling-up process has to be cost and time efficient. Often, the common project mode of scaling up is too slow and expensive, and natural resource management issues need addressing on a large scale. Experiences from south-western Uganda suggest that local governments and organisations can be encouraged to initiate cost-effective, large-scale adoption. The recently introduced decentralisation process in Uganda makes it feasible for farmer organisations to do this. Research and development organisations concentrate on their comparative advantages, which lie developing innovations and monitoring. This article is freely available as a chapter in Development and Agroforestry: Scaling Up the Impacts of Research